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Grammar Facts

Grammar : The  Rules of Language

The English language has hundreds – maybe even thousands – of grammar elements (i.e., rules for writing and speaking a language).  Some of them are absolutely essential, some are interesting, some are confusing, and some seem unnecessary. Combined they create a system for communicating.

Like words, grammar is – at least in my opinion – really interesting. And there is so much to learn. The goal of Grammar Facts is to provide information about various rules of grammar. When you place your mouse over this page’s tab, you will see more information on the subject.

Good Grammar Creates Effective Writing

“We all speak and write whether or not we are able to state rules governing the words we use. To be effective we must achieve clarity of expression. We need to know how to present ideas forcefully, without confusion or unnecessary words, by choosing language suited to our purpose.”

Margaret Shertzer, The Elements of Grammar

Areas of Grammar

Derivation examines how new words are formed from other words or basic forms.

Inflection studies word tenses, cases, and persons.

Morphology examines word structure.

Phonetics is concerned with speech sounds.

Pragmatics pertains to the actual use of language.

Semantics explains how meanings in language are created through interconnections between words, phrases, and sentences.

Syntax studies how words are used to form clauses, phrases, and sentences.


Encarta Dictionary, s.v. “Morphology.”

Encarta Dictionary, s.v. “Semantics.”

Manser, Martin H. 2006. The Facts on File: Guide to Good Writing. New York, New York: Checkmark Books.

Shertzer, Margaret. 1986. The Elements of Grammar.  New York, New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.

© 2014 Katherine Williams. All rights reserved.

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